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The Korean Journal of Medicine 2010;78(6): 665-669.
만성기침을 일으키는 흔한 기도질환
김철우
Department of Internal Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
Airway disorders associated with chronic cough
Cheol-Woo Kim
건양대학교 의과대학 내과학교실
ABSTRACT
Although cough is a physiologic reflex of the respiratory tract clearing the airways, it is one of the most common complaints for medical attention. Chronic cough lasting for more than 8 weeks is a major clinical problem and responsible for large socioeconomic burden. The causes of chronic cough can be divided into two categorizes; airway and extra-airway disorders. Airway disorder causing chronic cough is comprised of upper airway disorder such as upper airway cough syndrome and lower airway disorders including asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB). This article reviewed airway disorders causing chronic cough. Most patients with chronic cough can be managed and cured by treatment of these underlying causes of chronic cough. In some patients, however, effective control of cough may require not only controlling underlying diseases but also desensitization of cough pathways because chronic cough is often associated with sensitization of cough pathways and an increased response to tussive agents. (Korean J Med 78:665-669, 2010)
Keywords: Chronic cough; Airway disorder
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