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The Korean Journal of Medicine 2006;70(1): 69-77.
원저 : 우리나라 기관지천식에 대한 인지 및 실태 조사 (Original Articles : Asthma insights and reality in Korea)
조상헌, 김윤근, 장윤석, 김선신, 민경업, 김유영
Sang Heon Cho, Yoon Keun Kim, Yoon Seok Chang, Sun Sin Kim, Kyung Up Min, You Young Kim
서울대학교 의과대학 내과학교실, 간연구소
Background : Asthma management guidelines provide recommendations for the optimal control and goals of management. This survey was performed as a part of Asthma Insights and Reality in Asia-Pacific Region (AIRIAP) study to assess the current levels of asthma control reported by patients, which partly reflect the extent to which guideline recommendations are implemented. Methods : From September to December 2000, current asthma patients were identified by random door-to-door visits by screening 13,988 households in Seoul, Korea. Designated responders were interviewed on asthma control, symptom severity, activity limitations and healthcare utilization. Results : Current asthmatics were identified in 1,024 households, and 401 patients completed the survey. Daytime asthma symptoms were reported by 52%, and 26% reported sleep disturbance caused by asthma at least once a week in the past 4 weeks. In the past 12 months, 14% had been hospitalized, 6% attended emergency departments, and 30% made unscheduled emergency visits. Patient's perception of asthma control was different from their actual asthma control. Current use of an inhaled corticosteroid was reported by only 0.2% of responders. Absence from school and work in the past year was reported by 14% of adults and 7% of children. Conclusions : The current level of asthma control in Korea falls markedly short of the goals specified in international guidelines for asthma management. Management according to the guideline and patient education is important for the optimal control of asthma. Development of practically easy asthma management guideline for primary physician may be also important for its implementation. (Korean J Med 70:69-77, 2006) Key Words : Asthma, Allergy, Management, Guideline, Control
Keywords: Asthma, Allergy, Management, Guideline, Control
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