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Korean J Med > Volume 86(4); 2014 > Article
The Korean Journal of Medicine 2014;86(4): 453-461.
울산지역 호흡기 알레르기 환자의 흡입 알레르겐 감작률과 대기중 꽃가루 농도와의 관련성
최승원1, 이지호2, 김양호2, 오인보3, 최기룡4
1울산대학교 의과대학 울산대학교병원 내과
2울산대학교 의과대학 울산대학교병원 직업환경의학과
3울산대학교 의과대학 울산대학교병원 환경보건센터
4울산대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학부
Association Between the Sensitization Rate for Inhalant Allergens in Patients with Respiratory Allergies and the Pollen Concentration in Ulsan, Korea
Seung Won Choi1, Ji-Ho Lee2, Yangho Kim2, In-Bo Oh3, Kee-Ryong Choi4
1Departments of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea
2Departments of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea
3Environmental Health Center, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea
4Department of Biological Science, University of Ulsan College of Natural Science, Ulsan, Korea
Corresponding Author: Seung Won Choi ,Tel: +82-52-250-7029, Fax: +82-52-250-7048, Email: choisw@uuh.ulsan.kr
Received: June 27, 2013;   Revised: July 25, 2013;   Accepted: October 4, 2010.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Pollinosis is an increasing problem, with allergenic pollen causing rhinitis, asthma, and other allergic diseases. This study examined the patterns of sensitization to inhalant allergens in patients with respiratory allergies and analyzed the regional pollen concentrations in Ulsan, Korea.
A skin prick test was performed with 21 common inhalant allergens, including 18 types of pollen, in 634 patients with respiratory allergies from January of 2008 through December of 2010. Airborne pollen was collected daily from three different stations in Ulsan using a Durham sampler. Daily records and identification of the pollen types were made (2009-2010).
The sensitization rates for inhalant allergens were as follows: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (38.2%), Dermatophagoides farinae (38.0%), birch (15.8%), alder (15.3%), hazel (14.2%), oak (13.5%), beech (10.8%), mugwort (9.6%), and hop Japanese (5.2%). Airborne pollen has two peak seasons: tree pollen from February to June, followed by weed pollen from August to October. Pine tree, oak, and alder were the most frequently found pollen types in spring, whereas hop Japanese and mugwort were the most frequently found pollen types in autumn.
House dust mites are the most common offending allergen in Ulsan. The sensitization rates to some tree pollen types, including birch, alder, and hazel were higher than those of weed or grass pollen. Causative allergens are changing in response to climate change and air pollution. Continuous aerobiological monitoring is the cornerstone for observing changes in pollen and a prerequisite for the study of the effect of climate change on allergic diseases. (Korean J Med 2014;86:453-461)
Keywords: Allergens; Pollen; Sensitization
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