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Korean J Med > Volume 86(6); 2014 > Article
The Korean Journal of Medicine 2014;86(6): 686-694.
바소프레신 제2수용체 길항제의 임상 적용
오일환, 김근호
한양대학교 의과대학 내과학교실
Clinical Application of V2 Receptor Antagonists
Il Hwan Oh, Gheun-Ho Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Gheun-Ho Kim ,Tel: +82-2-2290-8318, Fax: +82-2-2298-9183, Email: kimgh@hanyang.ac.kr
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Hyponatremia results from a relative excess of total body water compared with the sodium content. Except for primary polydipsia, vasopressin activation plays a major role in pathogenesis of water retention. Consequently, the increase of solute-free water clearance by inactivating vasopressin action would be a more reasonable therapeutic approach than the addition of sodium. The V2 vasopressin receptor is mainly localized to the collecting ducts in the kidney and causes water reabsorption via water channels. Selective V2 receptor antagonists or vaptans were recently introduced to clinical practices and may be useful for correcting dilutional hyponatremia. Clinical trials have shown that vaptans are effective in increasing the serum sodium concentration in patients with syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuresis and congestive heart failure and that they might be safe as long as patients are allowed free accesses to water. However, the indications for using vaptans need to be more refined, and the question of their long-term cost-effectiveness should be answered. In addition, the potential roles of vaptans in ameliorating the growth of cysts in polycystic kidney disease, saving diuretics in edematous disorders, and retarding the progression of chronic kidney disease are being explored. (Korean J Med 2013;85:686-694)
Keywords: Complication; Critically-ill; Prevention; ICU
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